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polish resettlement act 1947

By December 5, 2020Comments Off

. . . (5)The scheme, or any substituted scheme or order made under the last preceding subsection, may provide that it shall come into operation, or shall be deemed to have come into operation, on such date as may be specified therein, whether before or after the passing of this Act, and different dates may be specified as respects different purposes or different provisions of the scheme or order. 2017. 4 para. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including: All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. ➢On 27 March 1947, after several months of preparation and laborious effort by the British Parliament, the Polish Resettlement Bill was passed, providing entitlement to employment and to unemployment benefit in Britain. . Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. In 1947, the Committee for the Education of Poles was set up, with all expenses to be defrayed out of funds provided by parliament. 2 para. (a)Poles whose registration under the Aliens Order,[S.R. . The Polish contribution to World War II was outstanding, and directly led to the Polish Resettlement Act 1947 and the formation of the Polish British community as it exists today. The Biegus family arrived in 1950. Initially meant only for Polish servicemen who had fought alongside British forces, the Polish Resettlement Act 1947 was later expanded to include any displaced Poles. . . 1), F30Words repealed by National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 (c. 32), ss. former members of any of the forces mentioned in subsection (1) of section one of this Act (including the naval detachment therein mentioned), and members of any of those forces relegated from service therewith; subsequently married or formed a civil partnership. . . . ACTS. . 1(d), F19S. . 5, 8, 9, 12(2) repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1953 c. 5 (2 & 3 Eliz. 3U.K.Payments for benefits provided for any person under section three of this Act may be required under subsection (6) of that section from that person, or, in the case of a married person, from his wife or her husband, or, in the case of a person who is under the age of sixteen years and has parents or a parent living . (2)The Board may make provision for meeting the needs ([F22other than medical, surgical, optical, aural or dental needs], or needs as to education), and for promoting the welfare, of persons for whom accommodation is provided under this section, and may make such provision in such manner as appears to them most convenient, whether by themselves providing goods or services, by making payments to others for the provision thereof, . . . . The huts were equipped with electric lights and heated by slow combustion stoves but had poor natural ventilation and light. 2(1), Sch. 11(4) repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), Sch. The Polish Resettlement Corps 1946 to 1949 Britains Polish forces. 1953/1198 (1953 I, (1953 I, p. 1228), Ministry of Social Security Act 1966 (c. 20), s. 2 and S.I. . II, The amounts of the payments which may be required shall be such amounts, not exceeding what appears to, The amounts of the payments which may be required shall be such amounts, not exceeding what appears to the Assistance Board (in this Part of this Schedule referred to as “. (1)[F8The Supplementary Benefits Commission] may provide accommodation in camps, hostels or other establishments for persons in Great Britain being of any of the categories specified in subsection (2) of the last preceding section, or dependants of persons of any of those categories or of members of any of the Polish resettlement forces serving therewith, or persons formerly dependent on a person who was of any of those categories, or was such a member of any of those forces, at that former time. . Unfortunately, despite the new legislation, it took many years for these new residents to be accepted and honoured for their contribution to the war effort. . . 3(10)(10A) repealed by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. 3(4)(5) repealed by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. other than medical, surgical, optical, aural or dental needs, sections 20 and 21 of the Supplementary Benefits Act 1976. shall apply as respects benefit under this section with the substitution, for references to expenditure incurred under that Act of references to expenditure incurred under this Act, and for references to any sum recoverable, or any benefit or liability, under that Act of references to any sum recoverable, or any benefit or liability, under this Act. Section four shall have effect as if there were substituted—, for any reference to the Minister of Health a reference to the Secretary of State; and, in subsection (1) for the reference to the, the National Health Service (Scotland) Acts 1947 to 1972, the National Health Service (Scotland) Act 1978, Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003, In the application of the Schedule to Scotland—. 17; S.I. . The expenses of the Secretary of State under this section shall be defrayed out of moneys provided by Parliament. . 7 repealed (21.7.2008) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2008 (c. 12), Sch. . I find a percentage point increase in Polish immigration to the UK to have caused an increase in votes in favour of Brexit of about 2.72-3.12 percentage points, depending on the specification. 2, Sch. . In particular, I focus on how the increase in Polish immigration, the major group of immigrants post 2004, affected votes in favour of leaving the EU. It matters for children in Europe. 8, 21, Sch. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. ], (10). . . F12. The 1947 Polish Resettlement Act aimed to resettle political refugees in the UK, at a time when it was on the verge of an era of considerable population increase based largely on immigration. . When it became clear in 1945, at the end of the second world war, that the Polish forces and refugees abroad would not be able to return to their homeland, the British government took on responsibility for them. . . The provisions of this section shall have effect for the purpose of the application of this Act to Northern Ireland. Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. The result was the Polish Resettlement Act 1947, Britain's first mass immigration law. (4). . (2)The Secretary of State may make arrangements with any other government department or other authority or person for the provision of services or the doing of things under this section, on his behalf and at his expense, by that authority or person. . . Part I. . (11)There shall be defrayed out of moneys provided by Parliament any increase attributable to the passing of this section in the sums payable out of such moneys under [section 61 of the National Assistance Act, 1948, and any sums received by the Board under this section or under section 43 or section 45 of that Act, as applied by this section, shall be paid into the Exchequer. 6 para. . . . . . 5, F55Words repealed by Social Security Act 1980(c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. The Polish Resettlement Act 1947 was the first ever mass immigration legislation of the British parliament. . . . . . . 1, F6Words in s. 2(2)(c) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), s. 263(8)(a), Sch. (3). . . When they discovered that we are a hard-working lot, they began to like us, I think.” . . . . . . . 2), F43Ss. . F53, from the parents or either of them. 1(1)(a). . 18(b); S.I. . (1)The Secretary of State may provide such services and do such things as appear to him to be requisite for meeting the . . For more information see the EUR-Lex public statement on re-use. (6)The Board may from time to time fix for benefits provided under this section such scales of charges applicable in different circumstances as may appear to the Board with the approval of the Treasury, to be appropriate, and may from time to time require payments for such benefits to be made in accordance with the provisions of Part II of the Schedule to this Act. . 7U.K.Any person who, in connection with the ascertainment of amounts which he may be reasonably required to pay under subsection (6) of section three of this Act, knowingly makes any false statement or false representation as to the circumstances affecting him shall be liable on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months. 1(c), F17S. 3 above extends to Northern Ireland only, F22Words substituted by S.I. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include: This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. 1920/448.] The Act laid out the responsibilities of several government departments for the employment, health and education of the Poles. 6 para. . . . & O. . . . . 7 para. 2). The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. . 2005/465), art. . . This date is our basedate. 5 Pt. Geographical Extent: . The Secretary of State may make arrangements with any other government department or other authority or person for the provision of services or the doing of things under this section, on his behalf and at his expense, by that authority or person. Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. . There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. [F13(7)[F14sections 20 and 21 of the Supplementary Benefits Act 1976] shall apply as respects benefit under this section with the substitution, for references to expenditure incurred under that Act of references to expenditure incurred under this Act, and for references to any sum recoverable, or any benefit or liability, under that Act of references to any sum recoverable, or any benefit or liability, under this Act. . F35 needs as to mental or bodily health, of persons of any description [F36for whom the Secretary of State has power] to provide accommodation under section three of this Act, including any such services and things as are specified in the National Health Service (Scotland) Acts 1947 to 1972, as services or things which . The scheme, or any substituted scheme or order made under the last preceding subsection, may provide that it shall come into operation, or shall be deemed to have come into operation, on such date as may be specified therein, whether before or after the passing of this Act, and different dates may be specified as respects different purposes or different provisions of the scheme or order. 8, 21, Sch. . . References in sections 4 to 7 of this Act to persons of any description for whom the Secretary of State has power to provide accommodation under section 3 of this Act shall include references to persons in Northern Ireland of any description for whom he would have power so to provide if those persons were in Great Britain. 2009/82, art. . (1)The provision of this section shall have effect for the purpose of the application of this Act to Scotland. 6 para. . . . Clause 1 (1 c )applies to the Polish resettlement forces. Putting IDPs on the map: achievements and challenges, Protecting and assisting the internally displaced: the way forward, Delivering the goods: rethinking humanitarian logistics, Dilemmas of development induced displacement, Response Strategies of the Internally Displaced, Practical considerations for effective resettlement, The resettlement of Hungarian refugees in 1956, Surge and selection: power in the refugee resettlement regime, The internationalisation of resettlement: lessons from Syria and Bhutan, A ‘successful’ refugee resettlement programme: the case of Nepal, Putting refugees at the centre of resettlement in the UK, Southeast Asia and the disenchantment with resettlement. . 8, C9A dagger appended to a marginal note means that it is no longer accurate, C10References in s. 3 to the Supplementary Benefits Commission where ever occurring (except in s. 3(5)) are substituted by references to the Secretary of State by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), s. 20, Sch. . F55, X5Para. 1920/448.] . F40S. . the only thing i can think is at the end he was trying to get to america alot of poles didnt want to go back hence living in britain..it wasnt on the cards at the time theyd get to stay that came after The Polish Resettlement Act 1947.. 3(11), F21S. . . 1, F2Words in s. 1(3) substituted (6.4.2009) by Pensions Act 2008 (c. 30), ss. 2), (1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to say,—. The expenses of the Minister of Health under this section shall be defrayed out of moneys provided by Parliament. 1, F7Words in s. 2(2)(c) substituted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004 (c. 33), s. 263(8)(a), Sch. . . 3(4)(5)(10) repealed by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. . 2005/3175, art. Not surprisingly, for the first generation of newcomers the experience of settling down proved to be tougher and lengthier than expected. . An Act to provide for the application of the Royal Warrant as to pensions, etc., for the military forces to certain Polish forces, to enable the Assistance Board to meet the needs of, and to provide accommodation in camps or other establishments for, certain Poles and others associated with Polish forces, to provide for their requirements as respects health and educational services, to provide for making arrangements and meeting expenses in connection with their emigration, to modify as respects the Polish resettlement forces and past members of certain Polish forces provisions relating to the service of aliens in the forces of the Crown, to provide for the discipline and internal administration of certain Polish forces and to affirm the operation up to the passing of this Act of provision previously made therefor, and for purposes connected therewith and consequential thereon. . . 1951/174 (1951 I, p. 1369), F10Words repealed by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. . 2005/3175, art. . (1)The provisions of this section shall have effect for the purpose of the application of this Act to Northern Ireland. 5, 8, 9, 12(2) repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1953 c. 5 (2 & 3 Eliz. 1978/1526, art. References in this Act to any other enactment shall, unless the context requires, be construed as references to that enactment as amended by or under any other enactment, and references in this Act to the Royal Warrant mentioned in section one thereof and to the Aliens Order, Definition of “the General Medical Council” repealed by Statute Law Revision Act. 4 para. . . 3(7) substituted by Ministry of Social Security Act 1966 (c. 20), s. 39(2), Sch. S. 3 above extends to England and Wales and Scotland only. . In due course, the Poles emerged as dedicated contributors to the reconstruction of the UK economy, and Polish refugees became one of the most prosperous immigrant groups in the UK. . . . 1920, took place on or after the first day of September, nineteen hundred and thirty-nine, and who have been permitted to enter, or to remain in, the United Kingdom in view of circumstances attributable to war, as to which, in case of doubt, a certificate of the Secretary of State shall be conclusive; (b)former members of any of the forces mentioned in subsection (1) of section one of this Act (including the naval detachment therein mentioned), and members of any of those forces relegated from service therewith; (c)wives [F4or civil partners of persons] of categories (a) and (b), and any [F5person] who, having been the wife [F6or civil partner of a person] of either of those categories, has ceased to be, and has not [F7subsequently married or formed a civil partnership]; (d)persons who have been permitted to enter the United Kingdom on or after the first day of September, nineteen hundred and thirty-nine, as being followers of a body of Polish forces entering the United Kingdom and dependent thereon or on members thereof, as to which, in case of doubt, a certificate of the Secretary of State shall be conclusive. . 5, F31Words in s. 4(1) substituted (28.6.1995 for enabling the making of any regulations, orders, directions, schemes or appointments for which they provide and 1.4.1996 for all other purposes) by virtue of 1995 c. 17, s. 2(1)(3), 4(2), 8(1) Sch. . whole: Dimensions: 25cm., Pagination: [2], 14p. Power to apply Royal Warrant as to pensions etc. . Show Timeline of Changes: . . 15 para. 26 para. . paragraph 5 shall have effect as if the word “summarily” were omitted, and the reference to a time limit of one year for the institution of proceedings for recovery shall not apply. 1(1)(b), F25S. Unless otherwise indicated, all articles published in FMR in print and online, and FMR itself, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) licence. The passing of the Polish Resettlement Act and the creation of the different agencies related to it undoubtedly represented an unprecedented response to the challenge of mass migration in the UK. 8, 21, Sch. . Their different culture and tradition, along with the shared traumatic wartime experience, slowly came to be seen as assets contributing to community life. . Clare Thomas, Home Manager, tells us about this unique place, its history and about letting an internationally renowned photographer capture the spirit of ‘Little Poland’ for her latest body of work. . . The home is managed and administered by Veterans UK. It was known affectionately as the Winston Churchill promise and made the then Assistance … Initially, a very large Polish community was centred around Swindon, where many military personnel had been stationed during the war. (3)The expenses of the Minister of Health under this section shall be defrayed out of moneys provided by Parliament. Learning the English language became the basic step to be taken in pursuit of this ambitious plan. This site additionally contains content derived from EUR-Lex, reused under the terms of the Commission Decision 2011/833/EU on the reuse of documents from the EU institutions. . F35Words repealed by Statute Law Revision Act 1953 c. 5 (2 & 3 Eliz. Non-signatory States and the international refugee regime. to complain to a magistrates’ court as is conferred by, section 18 of the Supplementary Benefits Act 1976. in relation to a person whose requirements are or are included in those of a person to whom benefit under that Act is paid or by whom such benefit is claimed, and the powers of the court under that section shall be exercisable on such complaint. . 4 para. . 2), F36Words substituted by virtue of Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), s. 20, Sch. . ‘The Resettlement of Polish Refugees After the Second World War’. . 7. ], (8)[F15The Commission] shall have, in relation to a person for whom they have power to provide accommodation under this section the like right [F15to complain to a magistrates’ court as is conferred by [F16section 18 of the Supplementary Benefits Act 1976] in relation to a person whose requirements are or are included in those of a person to whom benefit under that Act is paid or by whom such benefit is claimed, and the powers of the court under that section shall be exercisable on such complaint. 6: Functions transferred (W.) (1.7.1999) by S.I. 2(1)(3)(4), Sch. provisions of His Majesty’s Royal Warrant of the twelfth day of April, nineteen hundred and forty-six, concerning retired pay, pensions and other grants for members of the military forces and of the nursing and auxiliary services thereof disabled, and for the widows,[F1surviving civil partners,] children, parents and other dependants of such members deceased, in consequence of service during the 1939 world war: Provided that payments under a scheme made under this section shall be limited to such as fall due for payment before the expiration of five years from the passing of this Act, or such extended period, if any, as the Minister of Pensions, with the consent of the Treasury, may from time to time by order specify (but without prejudice to any provision which may be made by the scheme for the drawing thereafter of any such payments not drawn during that period, or the completion thereafter of pending proceedings on a claim which will, if successful, confer a title to payments which would have fallen due during that period had the claim been then accepted), and any such order may provide that the extension shall apply only to cases of any class or classes therein specified. Ensuring the rights of climate-displaced people in Bangladesh, When money speaks: behind asylum seekers’ consumption patterns. 5 Pt. 4 (with Sch. From March 1948, the Home Secretary announced that applications for British citizenship would be accepted from Polish ex-servicemen and Poles were granted the right to become naturalised British citizens. 1951/174 (1951 I, p. 1369), F23Words repealed by Social Security Act 1980 (c. 30, SIF 113:1), ss. The Board may from time to time fix for benefits provided under this section such scales of charges applicable in different circumstances as may appear to the Board with the approval of the Treasury, to be appropriate, and may from time to time require payments for such benefits to be made in accordance with the provisions of Part II of the Schedule to this Act. 57(3), 58(6), Sch. 1964/490, C16 “the Assistance Board” means the National Assistance Board, C17S. 4 para. . Poles whose registration under the Aliens Order. F19], (11). C1Functions of Minister of Pensions now exercisable by Secretary of State: S.I. ], S. 3 above extends to Northern Ireland only, “The Board” means the National Assistance Board. 1966. 1 para. 7 Pt. 1968/1699, C3Words of enactment omitted under authority of Statute Law Revision Act 1948 (c. 62), s. 3, C4A dagger appended to a marginal note means that it is no longer accurate, C5Act excluded (E.W.S.) However, for younger Poles the route of adaptation, integration and even gradual assimilation was more of a natural process, and education provisions helped here enormously. (7)Payments under a scheme made under this section shall be made out of moneys provided by Parliament. . The Pol­ish Re­set­tle­ment Act 1947 was the first ever mass im­mi­gra­tion leg­is­la­tion of the Par­lia­ment of the United King­dom. 1982/1082 (N.I. . . . To accommodate Poles unwilling to return to Poland, Great Britain enacted the Polish Resettlement Act 1947, the UK's first mass immigration law. . The 1947 Polish Resettlement Act offered British citizenship to more than 200,000 Poles who had contributed to the war effort – about 6,000 members of the Polish … . . F23, or partly in one of those ways and partly in [F24the other]. Enrolment into the Polish Air Force Resettlement Corps (PARC) started shortly afterwards. (1)The Board may provide accommodation in camps, hostels or other establishments for persons in Great Britain being of any of the categories specified in subsection (2) of the last preceding section, or dependants of persons of any of those categories or of members of any of the Polish resettlement forces serving therewith, or persons formerly dependent on a person who was of any of those categories, or was such a member of any of those forces, at that former time. . II. . 8, 21, Sch. & O. . . 2), F51S. . . 1920/448.] A Polish Resettlement Corps (PRC) was raised in 1946 as a corps of the British Army into which Poles were enlisted for the period of their demobilization up to 1948. . 5 Pt. 4 para. Over the years, wives and dependants were also brought to Britain to join them, bringing the estimated total to over 249,000. II, F26S. However, for the first generation of Poles they became a symbol of stability, and for the second generation the camps would remain in their memory as happy places, full of freedom. F57, shall be evidence of the facts stated, and a document which purports to be so signed shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to be so signed. . 6 para. . 1 Group 4, C18Functions of Minister of Labour and National Service now exercisable by Secretary of State for S.I. . . Payments for benefits provided for any person under section three of this Act may be required under subsection (6) of that section from that person, or, in the case of a married person, from his wife or her husband, or, in the case of a person who is under the age of sixteen years and has parents or a parent living . Laid out the responsibilities of several government departments for the purpose of section three of Committee. Pursuit of this Act to Northern Ireland only f44definition of “ the Assistance to... The creation of the Secretary of the Polish Resettlement camps were utilised as temporary for. Substituted by Social Security Act 1980 ( c. 30, SIF 113:1 ), ss obtained secondary or higher found. Accommodation in camps ], s. 39 ( 2 ), Sch to... ) ( b ), F25S, After occupying Resettlement camps were set up Great. The employment, Health and Education of educational services ( 8 ) and ( ). 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